Peesitaung Pagoda

peesitaung pagoda

Peesitaung pagoda is situated on the hill which is 100 feet high and one furlong away from the south of Koethaung pagoda. King Thu Ri Ya Sak Ka, the ruler of Dynyawaddy kingdom, enshrined the left peesi relic of Buddha in the pagoda. The future Gaw Ta Ma Buddha lived in the mountain as a king boar in a previous life of his when he was fulfilling his minor perfection. The name of the mountain is Thilagiripatpata.

King Kaw Li Ya secondly renovated the pagoda in Parain period in AD 1163. King Min Pha Laung of Mraukoo period thirdly repaired it. Such king rebuilt the pagoda in the form of substructure by making the cave tunnel below the stone Buddha image.

Four Buddha images back on the wall at the center, are facing four directions in the cave tunnel. Each Buddha image has an entrance porch. One can go around the passage from every porch. In the present, the cave is damaging.


Nankya Buddha Image

Among the rulers of Laungkyat city, king Nan Kya was the sixth king of Laungkyat dynasty. The citizens were discontended with the king because he collected more taxes, extorted the virgin daughters of others and behaved the conducts of the foolish persons. So, they were eager to revolt against the king if the opportunity appeared. In such time, the two able men named Seik Ta Ra and Na Ra Da appeared. They were proficient in the worldly art which can create various forms. Seik Ta Ra disguished himself as king Nan Kya and entered the queen chamber of the palace every day. When king Nan Kya came to the queen chamber, she asked him why he came to her chamber many times. And then, the king replied that he didn’t often come to her chamber and he came to hers only that day. And, the queen said that there would be a disguised person as the king if the king didn’t come to her chamber every day. And then, the king said that he wouldn’t come to her chamber duing the week and the person who would come to the chamber, must be a disguised person. And, he advised the queen to stamp on the disguised person’s back with her oily palm to be able to catch him. When Seik Ta Ra came into the queen chamber disguisings as the king, she stamped on his back with her oil smudgy palm according to the kings’s advice.

nankya buddha image

The next day, the king ordered his servants to go aroungd the city to catch the person who has the palm mark. When the royal servants obviously saw the palm mark on Seik Ta Ra’s back who was sitting basking in the sun in the winter, they sent for Seik Ta Ra to the king. Without giving any penalty, king Nan Kya tole Seik Ta Ra to teach him the worldly art by appointing him as a teacher, but he only taught him partly. King Nan Kya became worse than before when he mastered the worldly art which can create various forms. Therefore, some people went to Seik Ta Ra and Na Ra Da and requested them to rescue the citizens from miseries. They went, therefore, to capture the king. The king ran away disguising various forms, but they followed him disguising as the preditors the animals disguised by the king. At last, king Nan Kya ran into the cave he donated when he couldn’t escape from them by running, but he had to give up his one ear as Seik Ta Ra cut him with his sword when he entered the cave. And, the king stayed closing the door in the cave.

Seik Ta Ra and Na Ra Da asked the king whether the king would accept detaining by coming out of the cave or they must enter breaking down the door. And then, it dawned on him that Seik Ta Ra and the citizens would destroy his good deed if he didn’t come out of the cave, but he wished his good deed remain even though he died. Therefore, he smeared the blood dripped from his wound on his palm and made a solemn wish stamping his palm on the thigh of the Buddha image.

He said, “I will be killed by Seik Ta Ra. So, may this blood-palm mark disappear only after I had revenged on Seik Ta Ra and his relatives as a king in Rakhine in the next life after I had died.” “I wish no one can wipe out it.” After he had made solemn wish, he came out of the cave opening the door, and Seik Ta Ra seized him and killed him by beheading.

King Min Saw Mon, the last king of Laungkyat city, looked for the new city and founded the city of Mraukoo. The successive kings washed the blood on the thigh of Nankya Buddha image, but no one could do. King Thi Ri Thu Dam Ma became the twentieth king of Min Saw Mon dynasty. At that time, queen Nat Shin May fell in love with minister Nga Ku Tha La, the governor of Laungkyat, and he arranged Ngasay magical contrivance to die king Thi Ri Thu Dam Ma. Nga Ku Tha La, the governor of Laungkyat, ruled the throne of Mraukoo with the name of king Na Ra Pa Ti Gyi by crowing Nat Shin May as a queen. Only if such king washed it, the blood-palm mark on the thigh of Nankya Buddha image, disappeared.

Thus, Seik Ta Ra in the previous life became king Thi Ri Thu Dam Ma and king Na Ra Pa Ti Gyi became the reincarnation of king Nan Kya Gyi. Therefore, it was alleged that the blood-palm mark disappeared only after king Thi Ri Thu Dam Ma had died in consequence of making the past solemn wish at the Buddha image.

King Na Ra Pa Ti Gyi wrote the supplementary lullaby in Rakhine princess lullaby in order to know it for the posterity. Nowadays, the erosion of Lyamyo river bank took the cave away. The villagers took the Buddha image to the palce distant away form Laymyo river bank and placed it together with other Buddha images in the prayer hall. Such nearby village is called Nankya village in reference to the Nankya Buddha image.

There is a prayer hall on Mraukoo-Minbyar highway road in which Naykya Buddha image and other Buddha images of Laymyo period are dwelling.

Myotookhaung Pagoda

myotookhaung pagoda

King Min Saw Mon built five city-settlement pagodas and eight Nat figures simultaneously when he founded the city of Mraukoo. By naming the mountains inside and outside the city, he erected many pagodas on such mountains. The city was founded in the form of Galone bird incubated spreading his wings. By building the pagoda in the place of Galone bird’s head, it was called Myotookhaung pagoda. The pagoda stands on the spur of Pinay mountain which is half a mile away from the north-west of the palace site.

In other words, the pagoda was called Myotoohnauk pagoda because it was built enshrining the brain relics of Buddha and the relics of Arahats in it. After the city-settlement pagodas had been built, this pagoda was built as the subsidiary city-settlement pagoda in AD 1430. In the past, it was a cave pagoda, and the stone Buddha image which is eight fee high and worn the lotus robe, was in the cave.

The throne on which Buddha image sits, has a variety of flowers and figures. Among the figures, the harpist in the form of playing the harp, was included. By observing at that figure, it evidences that Rakhine people have been able to play the harp professionally sine the 15th century. The prayer hall covered over the cave and Buddha image. Nowadays, the cave had destroyed and only 66 feet high wall, remains. The board of trustee takes care of it.

The Bhikkhuni Order: Can it be Re-established?

The Most Venerable Madihe Pannasiha Mahanayaka Thero

At present there is a clamour for the re-stabilisation of the Bhikkhuni Order. As a preamble, some facts related to its establishment, later expansion and final extinction are given.

This is for the careful consideration of the Maha Sangha and the Buddhist laity, who have equal responsibilities as regard the preservation of the Buddha Sasana.

When during the time of the Buddha, Mahapajapati Gotami pleaded with Him to enter the Sasana, He put her off with these words: “Do not be interested O, Gothami about the entry of woman into my Order.” (Cullavagga). This request was turned down for the second and third time. Continue reading


What is Apache?

Apache is a freely available Web server that is distributed under an “open source” license. And is often referred to as simply Apache, a public-domain open source Web server developed by a loosely-knit group of programmers. The first version of Apache, based on the NCSA httpd Web server, was developed in 1995. Core development of the Apache Web server is performed by a group of about 20 volunteer programmers, called the Apache Group. Continue reading

11,000 people convert to Buddhism in Ahmedabad

Express News Service, Jan 25, 2010

Ahmedabad, India — Cose to 11,000 people, including those from the Koli and Kshatriya communities as well as Christian families, embraced Buddhism at a function in Saijpur Bogha here on Sunday.
Buddhist monks from Bhante Pragnyasheel administered the pledges to the new converts. The Ahmedabad district collector, however, said no conversion could be effective unless an official permission was granted. Continue reading

By Arakan Indobhasa Posted in News Tagged

Google postpones China mobiles after censorship row

Google says it has postponed the launch of two Android based mobile phones in China following a dispute with the government over censorship.

The formal launch was due to take place on Wednesday, a spokesperson said.

The announcement came as the Chinese government said Google and other foreign firms must obey the country’s laws and traditions. Continue reading

By Arakan Indobhasa Posted in News Tagged

Microsoft patches Internet Explorer hole

Microsoft has released a fix for a hole in Internet Explorer that was the weak link in a “sophisticated and targeted” cyber attack on Google.

Microsoft recommends that customers install the update as soon as possible or update to the latest version of the web browser for “improved security”. Continue reading

By Arakan Indobhasa Posted in News Tagged

Five-year battle over Oakland Buddhist temple comes to an end

by Angela Woodall, Oakland Tribune, Jan 12, 2010

OAKLAND, CA (USA) — Buddhists are perceived as being above church politics.

But a bitter five-year battle over an Oakland temple pitted two Cambodian Buddhist organizations against each other and gave rise to restraining orders, threats and allegations of stealing.

<< Members of the Oakland Cambodian Buddhist Temple were able to worship in the temple they had been banned from for the last 5 years after they took back their temple in Oakland, Calif. on Tuesday Jan 12, 2010. The Cambodian Buddhist community has been in a legal battle over the temple on E. 10th St. in Oakland for the past 5 years. A court order came down Tuesday giving the Oakland Cambodian Buddhist community the right to the temple that had been occupied by the International Community of Khmer Buddhist Monks Center. (Laura A. Oda/Staff) Continue reading

By Arakan Indobhasa Posted in News Tagged